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Helena's Household by James deMille of Fredericton, New Brunswick. deMille was the author of 30 novels, his most famous was A Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder, published in 1888.

Canadian Wildflowers by Catharine Parr Traill of Lakefield, Ontario. Traill was an author and naturalist. She is the sister of Susanna Moodie. 

The Unseen Bridegroom by May Agnes Fleming of Carleton, New Brunswick. Fleming was "one of the first Canadians to pursue a highly successful career as a writer of popular fiction."

Katie Johnstone's Cross by Agnes Maule Machar of Kingston, Ontario. She was a prolific author and active social reformer.

L'expedition militaire de Manitoba 1870 by Benjamin Sulte of Trois-Rivières, Quebec. Sulte was a journalist, writer, historian, and civil servant.

The Inglises by Margaret Murray Robertson of Montreal, Quebec. Robertson was a teacher and writer.

Ocean to Ocean by George Grant of Toronto, Ontario. Grant was a minister who crossed Canada with Sandford Fleming. Travel writing was very popular in the 1870s, and Grant's book became a rallying cry for Canadian politicians.

Fadette: Journal d'Henriette Dessaules by Henriette Dessaules of Quebec. This was the year Dessaules began her journals, which would not be published until 1971. 

George Leatrim by Susanna Moodie of Belleville, Ontario. This was the last of eight children's books by Moodie, who is best known for her book Roughing It in the Bush, published in 1852.

Saul: A Drama by Charles Heavysege of Montreal, Quebec. Heavysege was a poet and dramatist.

The Golden Dog by William Kirby of Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. Originally published without Kirby's permission, it was later revised and translated.

Lady Rosamond's Secret: A Romance of Fredericton by Rebecca Agatha Armour of Fredericton, New Brunswick. Armour was a renowned teacher in New Brunswick.


Les Fleurs boreales, les oiseaux de neige by Louis-Honoré Frechette of Levís, Quebec. This collection won the Montyon Prize. Frechette was an accomplished poet, playwright, politician, and short story writer.

Orion and Other Poems by Charles G.D. Roberts of Douglas, New Brunswick. Roberts is known as the "Father of Canadian poetry".


Evolutionist at Large by Grant Allen of Kingston, Ontario. Allen's works on flora transformed botanical research.


Ouevres completes de Octave Cremazie by Octave Cremazie of Quebec City, Quebec. This collection was published posthumously. Cremazie was known as "Canada's national Bard".


“My Little Jean” (poem) by E. Pauline Johnson of Six Nations, Ontario. This was Johnson's first published poem. She is best known for the 1913 collection Flint and Feather.


Malcolm's Kate and Other Poems by Isabella Valency Crawford of Toronto, Ontario. Crawford is often referred to as Canada's first major poet and was one of the first Canadians to make a living as a freelance writer. There is a park in Toronto dedicated to her.


"Canadian Folk Song Poem" by William Wilfrid Campbell of Ottawa, Ontario. The poem was published in the January 1885 issue of Atlantic Monthly. Campbell was a member of the Confederation poets.


Tecumseh a historical drama by Charles Mair of Lanark, Ontario & Victoria, BC. Mair was also a poet and journalist. 


Lyrics on Freedom, Love and Death by George Frederick Cameron of New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Cameron also wrote Leo, the Royal Cadet, a military opera in four acts.


Among the Millet and Other Poems by Archibald Lampman of Morpeth, Ontario. Lampan was known as the "Canadian Keats".


Making a Start in Canada - Letters of 2 Brothers ed. A.J. Church of Barrie area, Ontario. This collection of letters was edited by the father of the boys.


Our Norland by Charles Sangster of Kingston, Ontario. Norland was a postal clerk and earned the name "Canada's Wordsworth".


An American Girl in London by Sara Jeanette Duncan of Toronto, Ontario. Duncan was the author of 22 novels and also published under the name Mrs. Everand Cotes.


“Sir Provo Wallis” (poem) by Charles Fenerty of Upper Sackville, Nova Scotia. Fenerty was the inventor of paper-making from wood and was a prominent poet and woodsman.


Low Tide on Grand Pré by Bliss Carman of Fredericton, New Brunswick. Carmen is a former Canadian poet laureate.  


Legends of the MicMacs by Silas Tertius Rand of Kentville, Nova Scotia. Rand was the first to record the legend of Glooscap. He was also a clergyman and translator.


Pour la Patrie: roman du XXe siècle by Jules-Paul Tardivel of Montreal. This science fiction novel was translated in 1970 as For My Country.  Tardivel was a promoter of Quebec nationalism.


Tisab Ting, or The Electrical Kiss by Dyjan Fergus (the pen name of Ida May Ferguson) of New Brunswick.  This science fiction novel, set in Montreal, was Ferguson's first and only book.


The Habitant by William Henry Drummond of Cobalt, Ontario. This was his first book of poetry, and he became known for his humourous dialect poems.


From Distant Shores by Mary Electra Adams of Sackville, New Brunswick, who was a strong advocate of women's education. In 2004, she was designated a Person of National Historic Significance.


Sailing Alone Around the World by Joshua Slocum of Mount Hanley, Nova Scotia. This was first serialized in The Century magazine and published in book form one year later. Slocum was the first man to sail solo around the world. He disappeared at sea in 1909.


The Lane That Had No Turning by Sir Horatio Gilbert George Parker of Camden East, Ontario. This book of gothic short stories is one of his most notable works.


The Man From Glengarry by Ralph Connor (the pen name of Rev. Dr. Charles William Gordon) of Winnipeg, Manitoba. Some of his works are still in print.


The Wooing of Wisteria by Onoto Watanna (Winnifred Eaton) of Montreal, Quebec. Winnifred was the younger sister of author Edith (Sui Sin Far). Both women were of Chinese-British descent but published under Japenese pseudonyms. 


The O'Ruddy, A Romance by Robert Barr (with Stephen Crane) of Windsor, Ontario. Barr wrote the first Sherlock Holmes parody, The Adventures of Sherlaw Kombs. He wrote under the pen name Luke Sharp.


Sappho: One Hundred Lyrics by Bliss Carmen of Fredericton, New Brunswick. Carmen published 20 volumes of poetry and was a member of the Confederation Poets.


The Sunless City: From the Papers and Diaries of the Late Josiah Flintabbatey Flonatin  by J. E. Preston Muddock. This book was the inspiration for name of Flin Flon, Manitoba.


Placide, l’homme mysterieux by Gilbert Buote of Charlottetown, PEI. Buote was a prominent member of the Acadian community on PEI and published the first Acadian newspaper on the Island.


Songs of a Sourdough by Robert Service of Dawson City, Yukon. Service was known as the "Bard of the Yukon". This was his first book, but Service is best known for his poem "The Cremation of Sam McGee".


Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maud Montgomery of Clifton, PEI. Montgomery was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1935. She published 20 novels, 530 short stories, 500 poems, and 30 essays. Anne of Green Gables was the first in a series of nine books featuring Anne Shirley.


The Inner Shrine by Basil King of Charlottetown, PEI. King was a retired clergyman when he began writing. Originally, The Inner Shrine was published anonymously.


Fleurs sauvages: poésies, by Léonise Valois of Vaudeuil, Quebec, the first poetry collection by a French Canadian woman. She was a poet and journalist.


A Love Story from the Rice Fields of China by Sin Sin Far (pen name of Edith Maude Eaton) of Montreal , Quebec. Far was the older sister of writer Winnifred Eaton (pen name Onoto Watanna).   


Open Trails by Janey Canuck (pen name of Emily Murphy) of Edmonton, Alberta. Murphy was the first female magistrate in Canada and the British Empire. 


Maria Chapdelaine by Louis Hémon of Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec. Born in Paris, Hémon moved to Canada in 1911. This was his most well-known novel and has been adapted into plays, films, graphic novels, radio-novels, fine art, and a television series.


Arcadian Adventures with the Idle Rich by Stephen Leacock of Orillia, Ontario. Best known for Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town, which was published in 1912. The Stephen Leacock Memorial Medal for Humour is awarded annually to preserve his literary legacy.  


Legend of the White Reindeer by Ernest Thompson Seton of Toronto, Ontario, a wildlife artist and author who was one of the founders of the Boy Scouts of America. He spent his formative years in Ontario.


In a Belgian Garden by Frank Oliver Call of West Brome, Quebec, a poet and travel writer. Call was also a professor of languages at Bishop's University in Paris as well as McGill University in Montreal.


The new Joan and other poems by Katherine Hale (pseudonym of Amelia Beers Warnock, who became Mrs. John W. Garvin) of Galt, Ontario. Hale was a well-known journalist. Her first book, Grey Knitting, sold 4,000 copies in just six weeks.


In Flanders Fields and Other Poems by John McCrae of Guelph, Ontario. The title poem of this collection was written in 1915, but the collection itself wasn't published until 1918, after the poet's death.

Sister Woman by Jessie Georgina Sime of Montreal, Quebec. Sime was a feminist who wrote these linked short stories about seamstresses, munitions workers, cooks, charwomen, and prostitutes.


The Prairie Mother by Arthur Stringer of Chatam, Ontario. Sringer was known as a novelist, poet, and screenwriter. This novel was the second in a trilogy of Prairie novels which included The Prairie Wife and The Prairie Child


Canada at the Cross Roads by Agnes Christina Laut of Huron County, Ontario, prominent historian, journalist, and teacher.


The Great War As I Saw It by F. G. Scott of Montreal, Quebec, who was referred to as the poet of the Laurentians.


Newfoundland Verse by E.J. Pratt of Western Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador. Pratt was the recipient of the Governor General's Award three times, in 1937, 1940, and 1952. He was referred to as "the leading Canadian poet of his time." The library at Vic College, University of Toronto, bears his name.

The Canadian Book of Days by Fred Williams and Aley Mary Shonfeld Williams of Ontario, husband and wife. The book was based on Fred's syndicated newspaper columns “Do You Know?” and "Lest We Forget"—the first journalist to make Canadians “history concscious”.

Wild Geese by Martha Ostenso of Manitoba, a novelist and screenwriter. The novel, "a landmark in Canadian realism", is still in print.

Grain by Robert Stead of Cartwright, Manitoba.  This novel was part of the post-war move to realism and was Stead's most well known work. 

Jalna, the first of the famous series by Mazo de la Roche. 23 novels, 285 editions, 9 million copies sold! Mazo de la Roche was born in Newmarket, Ontario. A school there is named in her honour.

Rockbound by Frank Parker Day of Nova Scotia. Day was an athlete and academic as well as an author. The novel, about life on a small island off the coast of Nova Scotia, won CBC Canada Reads in 2005.

White Narcissus by Raymond Knister of Ontario. This was Knister's first novel and is still in print. Knister was known for rural, realistic narratives.

Be Good to Yourself, a book of short stories by feminist activist politician Nellie McClung. McClung, one of Valiant Five who worked to make women persons in 1929, wrote 9 books of fiction and 8 nonfiction.

Gloses critiques by Louis Dantin of Quebec, pen name of Eugène Seer, prolific essayist and critic. Also a poet, Dantin was Emile Nelligan's first editor & publisher. Some claim he actually wrote Nelligan's poems!

A Broken Journey by Morley Callaghan of Toronto, Ontario. Callaghan was a novelist, playwright, and radio & TV personality.

Fruits of the Earth by Frederick Philip Grove. Born in Germany, Grove lived in Manitoba and Ontario.

Au Coeur de Quebec by Marius Barbeau of Quebec. Barbeau was an ethnographer and folklorist.

Bitter Honey by Francis Pollock of Huron County, Ontario. Pollock was an early sci-fi writer, published commercial fiction under Frank L. Pollock. A beekeeper.

Tales of an Empty Cabin by Archibald Belaney (Grey Owl) a low point in cultural appropriation.

The Dark Weaver by Laura Goodman Salverson, Iceland immigrant to Manitoba. Won GG for this and Confessions in 1939. 

Canadian Mosaic: Making of a Northern Nation by JM Gibbon of Montreal, founding president of the Canadian Authors Association.

Tay John by Howard O’Hagan Lethbridge, Alberta, a forerunner to Rudy Wiebe & Robert Kroetsch.

Slava Bohu by J.F.C Wright of Manitoba. The historical account of the Doukhobor community won the GG in 1940.

As For Me and My House by Sinclair Ross of Saskatchewan. Ross was a banker & this was his 1st and most well known work.

The Book of Small by Emily Carr of Victoria, BC. 36 short stories by the artist, who was best known for her painting.

News of the Phoenix & Other Poems by A.J.M. Smith of Montreal. The collection was his first & won the GG in 1943.

Maggie Muggins by Mary Grannan of Fredericton, New Brunswick. The popular book series was also a radio show & TV program.

The Tin Flute by Gabrielle Roy, published in French as . It was Roy's first novel and won the Prix Femina and the GG. It was made into a film in 1983.

Colony to Nation: A History of Canada by Arthur R.M. Lower, a prominent historian from Barrie, Ontario.

Who Has Seen the Wind  by WO Mitchell of Saskatchewan. Nine novels, four plays. This novel is his most famous; the title is from a Christina Rossetti poem. 

Halifax, Warden of the North by Thomas H. Raddall of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Raddall wrote 28 books, mostly historical fiction. He won three GGs and there is a literary prize in his name, awarded annually to the best work of adult fiction published in the previous year in the Atlantic provinces.

The Red Heart by poet James Reaney of Ontario. He transformed small-town Ontario life into dream and symbol. Wrote 11 poetry books and 22 plays. 

The Outlander  by Germaine Guevremont of Quebec. The novel, which was the English translation of her two novels Le Survenant (1945) and Marie-Didace (1947) in one volume, won the GG. 

The Black Huntsman by Irving Layton of Montreal (Romanian-born). A rare self-published book, his 3rd of 51.

The Mountain & the Valley by Ernest Buckler of Nova Scotia. The novel is a touchstone of Canadian modernism.

The Net & The Sword by Douglas LePan of Toronto. LePan was a diplomat, poet, and novelist who won 1st of 2 GGs for poetry with this collection.

Swamp Angel by Ethel Wilson, South African-born, from Vancouver. This was her fourth of seven novels.

The Tontine by Thomas B. Costain of Brantford, ON. His twelve novels include Silver Chalice, which was Paul Newman's debut film.

Lost in the Barrens by Farley Mowat of Ontario. The book was also published under the title Two Against the North. Mowat was a prolific writer & won the Vicky Metcalf Award for Children's Lit in 1970. He was also an environmentalist.

Anatomy of Criticism by Northrop Frye of ON and NB. The book was very influential on literary criticism.

Canada Made Me by Norman Levine, who was originally from Poland but grew up in ON. Best known for his short stories. This non-fiction work was not well received by Canadians. Levine was part of the St.Ives artistic community, won the Matt Cohen, and wrote novels, short stories, non-fiction, and poetry.

The Double Hook by Sheila Watson of BC. The modernist novel "marks the start of contemporary writing in Canada."

This Side Jordan, 1st novel by Margaret Laurence of MB & ON. One of the founders of the Writers' Trust of Canada.

Double Persephone by Margaret Atwood. This book of poetry was her first.

The Blur in Between: Poems by Al Purdy of ON. Prolific writer, friend of Margaret Laurence & Milton Acorn.

Jawbreakers by Milton Acorn of Charlottetown, PEI, The People's Poet. Acorn won the Canadian Poets Award in 1970 & the GG in 1976.

White Figure, White Ground by Hugh Hood of ON. Prolific writer and university professor. This was his first novel.

Terror and Erebus, a radio drama by Gwendolyn MacEwen of ON. One of Canada's best poets, published over 20 books.

Beautiful Losers by Leonard Cohen of Quebec. Singer/songwriter, musician, poet, novelist, painter. Amazing artist.

The Ecstasy of Rita Joe by George Ryga of Athabasca, AB, the first Cdn play to address aboriginal issues.

Dance of the Happy Shades by Alice Munro of Wingham, ON. This was her first collection of stories and it won the GG.

The Studhorse Man by Robert Kroetsch of Heisler, AB. Kroetsch wrote 9 novels, 13 poetry colls, 7 creative nonfiction. He was an important postmodernist.

Songs of the Sea Witch by Susan Musgrave of Sidney BC & Haida Gwai. This was her 1st of 19 poetry collections, 4 novels, 3 creative nonfiction, 6 kidlit. 

La Sagouine by Antonine Maillet, Acadian novelist & playwright from Bouctouche, NB. The new English translation by Wayne Grady.

Cape Breton Harbour by Edna Staebler of Kitchener, ON. Staebler was known for cookbooks, but was also a stunning early creative nonfiction writer. 

Halfbreed by Maria Campbell, of Athlone, AB. Métis author, playwright, broadcaster, filmmaker, and Elder.

Alligator Pie by Dennis Lee of Toronto ON. Lee wrote 15 adult collections & 23 kid collections—to "reclaim language and liberate imagination".

Jacob Two-Two Meets the Hooded Fang a children's book by Mordecai Richler of Montreal, QC.  Richler is best known for his novels The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz and Barney's Version.

The Lost Salt Gift of Blood, short stories by Alistair MacLeod of Cape Breton, NS.

The Scorched-Wood People by Rudy Wiebe of Speedwell, Saskatchewan. Wiebe wrote 15 novels including Temptations of Big Bear.

The Poems of Rita Joe (including "I Lost my Talk") by Rita Joe, from Whycocomagh, Cape Breton, the "Mi’kmaq poet laureate". 

The Glassy Sea by Marian Engel of Toronto, ON. Author of 12 novels, Engel is best known for the erotic, controversial novel Bear.

Héloise by Anne Hébert of Quebec. 3 GG awards, 2 for fiction and one for poetry. Hébert also wrote plays and film scripts. She is best known for Kamouraska (1970).

Obasan, a semi-autobiographical novel by Joy Kogawa of Vancouver BC. Adapted to opera. Kogawa is the author of 3 novels and 8 poetry collections. 

Primitive Offensive by Dionne Brand of Toronto, ON. Brand is the author of 10 poetry colls, 5 fiction, 7 nonfiction, 7 documentaries. She has won the GG & Griffin Prize.

Shakespeare’s Dog by Leon Rooke of Eden Mills/Toronto ON. Rook won the GG and was the author of 350+ stories in 36 collections.

Volkswagon Blues by Jacques Poulin of Quebec City, translated by Sheila Fischman. A Canadian On-the-Road odyssey. Paulin wrote 14 novels. 

An Exchange of Gifts, poems by Alden Nowlan of NS & NB. Poet, novelist, & playwright. He won the GG in 1967.

Love You Forever by Robert Munsch of Ontario (born in the US). More than 30 million copies of this book sold.

Honour the Sun by Ruby Slipperjack, a writer, painter, and professor from Ontario. Slipperjack is a member of Eabametoong First Nation.

In Transit by Mavis Gallant of Montreal & Paris, France. Best known for short stories. Gallant spent most of her life in Paris.

Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing, a play by Tomson Highway of Brochet, Manitoba.

The Divine Ryans by Wayne Johnston of Goulds, NL. Known for 1998's The Colony of Unrequited Dreams.

Last Makings: Poems by Earle Birney of AB & BC. Distinguished poet & novelist who won the GG twice for poetry.

1992 #1
The Republic of Love by Carol Shields. US born; lived & taught in BC, ON, & MB. Best known for The Stone Diaries (1993).

1992 #2
The Afterlife of George Cartwright by John Steffler of ON; Parliamentary Poet Laureate of Canada from 2006 to 2008.

Away by Jane Urquhart of Ontario. Her novel Whirlpool (1986) was the 1st Canadian book to win France's Best Foreign Book Award.

Lives of the Mind Slaves: Selected Stories by Matt Cohen of Ontario. A founding member of the Writers' Union of Canada.

1995 #1
A Fine Balance by Rohinton Mistry, Toronto, first of six stunning novels.

1995 #2
The Jade Peony by Wayson Choy of Vancouver, BC. The novel won the Trillium Book Award.

Fugitive Pieces by Anne Michaels of Toronto. This novel won the First Novel Award, Trillium Book Award, Orange Prize, and the Guardian Fiction Prize.

Small Change by Elizabeth Hay, of  Ottawa, ON. Brilliant short fiction on female friendship.

1998 #1
Handwriting by Michael Ondaatje of Toronto, ON. Novelist best know for In the Skin of a Lion. Also a memoirist and great poet.

1998 #2
Forms of Devotion by Diane Schoemperlen of Kingston, ON.  Ground-breaking experimental short fiction. 

Pilgrim by Timothy Findley of Toronto, ON. Actor turned writer, coined the term Southern Ontario Gothic.

Mercy Among the Children by David Adams Richards of Newcastle, NB. Author of 16 novels, 3 plays, 2 short fiction, 6 creative non-fiction. 

Thunder & Light by Marie-Claire Blais of Quebec City. 31 innovative works, winner of Prix Medicis, the Canada-France prize.

The Polished Hoe by Austin Clarke of Barbados & ON. This novel, Clarke's 10th, won the Giller Prize in 2002.

Mud City by Deborah Ellis of ON. 2nd book in The Breadwinner series. Ellis is a Member of the Order of Canada.

A Complicated Kindness by Miriam Toews of MB. Her 3rd novel; it won the GG in 2004 & was shortlisted for the Giller.

Three Day Road by Joseph Boyden of Ontario. His 1st novel. Boyden's work has recently become controversial, but is still very important.

Black by George Elliott Clarke of NS. Poet, playwright, academic. Clarke is the current Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate.

The Blue Hour of the Day: Selected Poems by Lorna Crozier of SK. Prolific poet & an Officer of the Order of Canada.

Kerrisdale Elegies by George Bowering of BC. Prolific writer. He was the 1st Canadian Parliamentary Poet Laureate.

is a door by Fred Wah of Swift Current, Saskatchewan. 24 colls. "pellucid confabulations that invite communion".

Beatrice & Virgil by Yann Martel of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Best known for Life of Pi but this, for Merilyn, is the keeper.

Killdeer by Phil Hall of Perth, ON. Essays/poems won the GG & Trillium, 17 colls, 2 time Griffin Poetry finalist.

The Inconvenient Indian by Thomas King of California & Guelph, ON. 15 novels, story collections, and scripts.

Nocturne: On the Life and Death of my Brother by Helen Humphreys of Kingston, ON. 9 novels, 5 poetry, 3 creative non-fiction. 

Medicine Walk by Richard Wagamese Ojibwe from the Wabaseemoong Independent Nations in northwestern ON. A vital book.

The Pain Tree by Olive Senior, Toronto, ON. 4 poetry colls, 4 short fiction colls, 6 creative non-fiction, 2 kidlit Caribbean Bocas Prize. 

Do Not Say We Have Nothing by Madeleine Thien of Montreal, QB,. 5 works reflect growing trans-cultural Canlit. 

No is Not Enough by Naomi Klein of Montreal, QB. Crucial reading for everyone today.